The Bologna Process Донецький національний університет імені Василя Стуса

The Bologna Process

In May 2005, Ukraine joined 40 European countries united by the principles of the Bologna Process. The Bologna Process is called the process of creating a single educational space for European countries today. Its main purpose is to build a pan-European educational space, that is, to bring education systems from different countries closer together to recognize education and diplomas obtained in different European countries by using common concepts for all definitions and measurement mechanisms, as well as to compare the learning outcomes of students from different countries and the transparency of educational activities institutions.

As part of this process, serious work is being done on the conformity of national education with the requirements of the Bologna Declaration in terms of acquiring new qualitative features and, at the same time, preserving the best traditions of the national pedagogical school.

Therefore, nowadays, the training of specialists for higher education is carried out at the university in a two-stage system: the first degree, within the bachelor’s school, is completed after 4 years of study by awarding the bachelor’s degree, and the second, within the master’s school, – after one year of study awarding a master’s degree. Along with the master’s level, there is a specialist level (see specialty for more details).

As part of the Bologna Process, it is proposed to introduce a system of accounting for the complexity of educational work in loans in all national education systems. It is proposed to take ECTS (EuropeanCreditTransferSystem), the European Credit Transfer System, which allows the transfer of credits (credits of hard work of study) obtained in different educational institutions, making it cumulative, capable of working within the concept of “life-long learning”.

Higher university education at Vasyl Stus DonNU differs, first of all, by mastering deep basic knowledge, fundamental training, the need to constantly learn and absorb new information. This, in turn, allows us to adapt quickly to the needs of a constantly changing labor market, and a broad outlook provides great opportunities for professional growth.

The system of educational qualification levels “Bachelor – Master” is most relevant to the nature of modern education, the main task of which is to prepare highly educated student, able to work in the conditions of high demand for professional mobility, able to move away from stereotypes and offer new ideas and solutions.

What characterizes the educational process at Vasyl Stus DonNU?


The educational process at Vasyl Stus DonNU is based on the principles of science, humanism, democracy, continuity, independence from the interference of any political parties, public and religious organizations.


The educational process is organized with regard to the possibilities of modern information technologies of training and is oriented on the formation of an educated, harmoniously developed personality, capable of continuous updating of scientific knowledge, professional mobility and prompt adaptation to changes and development in the socio-cultural sphere, in the sphere of technology, management and organization of labor in a market economy.


The legal basis of the educational process is the Laws of Ukraine “On Higher Education”, “On Education”, other normative acts on education, documents of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, aa well as regulatory and methodological materials of the Academic and Scientific and Methodological Councils of the University.

Strategic objectives of the educational process:

Development of training programs that take into account the latest achievements of world and national science and practice in the field of professional activity;

Organizing and conducting all kinds of classes based on best practices that effectively ensure the acquisition of professional knowledge, skills and abilities;

Relevance of the acquired knowledge to the needs of the current state and development of society;

Acquisition of knowledge in volume and at the level that ensures the effective activity of the individual in the field of the chosen specialty;

Effective application of theoretical knowledge and practical skills acquired in the course of study at the university in daily professional activity.